Apla – in printing, it is a complete print of the sheet. The background of the sheet is printed uniformly with one paint color in the amount of exactly 100%. The opposite of aply is raster. Creasing – the process of crushing paper by a biga – is a polygraph knife that ends with a rounded surface. Bigi are installed in a blanket die – a plywood matrix in which knives are embedded. Creasing is necessary for thicker offset papers, from 200g up for aesthetic reasons.
CTP Matrix – a matrix installed in offset machines for making prints.
CMYK – basic combination of 4 colors printing inks in printing. It is spoken about it Process colors or Triad. CMYK is a color space for working with computer graphics. By expanding the name CMYK to (omitting the last 4liter), the name is taken from the first letters of the english color names. Cyan – light blue, Magenta – red, Yellow – yellow. The lesser-known expansions of the letter K are Key color or Carbon.
Custom publishing – one of the forms of marketing used by printers. This method is providing the customer (recipient) marketing materials, in the form of printouts. The most important priority of custom publishing is to acquire a new customer, build loyalty, as well as strengthen the brand. Custom publishing is carried out by outsourcing company
Densytometer – an instrument for measuring optical density in reflected or permeable light. DTP – Simply speaking, it is a form of preparing materials for printing using a computer. Design preparation, preparation for printing, and application of imagesequid, etc.
Printing – the process of repeatedly reflect the printing form on a printing substrate, in this case paper. Colloquially, printing is called any copy or print.
EPS is one of the file formats developed by Adobe System inc. saved in PostScript. It can contain the entire page in the form of data, i.e. Bezier curves, fonts, or bitmaps.
Folding – simply speaking, breaking paper or folding a sheet. The sheet recessed into the
Folding Machine so called in polish “falcerka” enters to the cassettes, which perform a fold or a few fold. Executed to obtain the target format brochure or leaflet. The space of the sheet bend becomes an edge
Foiling (lamination) – the process of covering a sheet of paper with film. Foiling or lamination is designed to add aesthetic value to the sheet, and to protect against mechanical, chemical or uv effects. There are two methods of foiling, cold lamination with glue, as well as hot, where the cylinder warms up to a high temperature, which dissolves the glue contained in the film. You can foil printing sheets on one or two sides.
Vector graphics – also known as object graphics. The image in vector graphics is made up of uncomplicated geometric objects such as section, straight, curve, polygon. Each object assigned has a parameter, in the case of segment, coordinates of it’s ends. These objects, also called primitives, also have specific parameters that are about thickness, line color, heterogeneous fill, and so on..
Vector graphics are fully scaled. This means that when an object is zoomed in or out, it retains its sharpness. This is made possible by the fact that objects – primitives are described mathematically.
Paper basis weight – the weight of 1 m2 of the sheet expressed in grams of paper, textile, as well as plastic in sheets. Indirectly, this parameter translates into the thickness of the sheet. Imposition – is an electronic representation of the arrangement of an object, brochure, leaflet, poster, etc.. on a printing sheet. Imposition also includes printable markings that facilitate the printing process as well as subsequent processing.
ISBN is an international letter symbol used with a ten-digit layout as an identification code for the publication of a book or brochure. Broadcast and registered in Poland by the National Library. Stands for International Standard Book Number.
ISSN is an international letter symbol used with an eight-digit layout, as a code identifying a continuous publishing house, e.g. a serial magazine. Broadcast and registered in Poland by the National Library. Stands for International Standard Serial Number.
Laminated corrugated cardboard – process consisting of gluing a hard substrate such as solid board, corrugated board with thin printed paper. This is done due to the inability of the offset machine to pass thick and rigid solid board. The most popular product of laminated corrugated are heads for wall calendars.
Mock-up – Design of the graphic (typographic) layout of the publication, made as a pattern for forming (breaking) individual pages of printing.
Mora – This is one of the many undesirable effects in computer graphics, printing and photography. Mora is a system of stripe formed by interference or overlap of two grids of lines rotated by a certain angle or deformed. To minimize the Mora effect, the angles of the screen rotate relative to each other. An inexorable form of more is also created when scanning prints prepared with a classical raster, where a fine more is applied to an even pixel arrangement of the resulting bitmap image. Another increased more effect occurs when creating from such scans, a print image.
Device – this is a form of preparation of a printing machine for printing. These include installing ctp plates, ink applications, or setting the correct ink’s expenditure. The preparation of the instrument also involves a series of test printouts. – this is a form of preparation of a printing press for printing.
Oprawa introligatorska – a form of finishing a multi-page printing publication such as magazines, books, calendar, as well as any other paper work printed , depend of combining interior cards with the cover
Panton – Pantone – pantone printing color system developed by Pantone company. The colors in this system are marked with a number. Colors in this color palette don’t always be reflected in CMYK and RGB
Paser – otherwise known as a (in polish “punktura”), usually as a cross in a circle. It is used to suit successively applied colors to a sheet (that is subsequent printing inks), in the same place. The image of each color has a stripe in the same place. Stripes, or “punktory”, are placed in the margin of the worksheet and cut off when the work is printed.
PDF – created by Adobe System inc. a file format that can contain a publication or an entire page. Further reproduction and viewing only requires an interpreter built into RIP or Adobe Acrobat
Printing – one of the field of technology, the object of which is the printing. In today’s advanced form it takes an industrial form. The printing industry prepares and develops forms (printing matrix) of original texts, drawing forms and printing them with multiple copies, for the mass recipient. Printing from Greek means “writing multiple”
Portfolio – achievements of works created by a given artist or printing agencies.
Proof – a digital print that is a color pattern for printed materials. Proof is performed on a specially calibrated device, imitate the printing raster.
Raster – an image consisting of one-tone dots
Separation – Change the composite graphics data of a color model e.g. RGB to another color model. Sometimes separation is called the process of converting color data to a CMYK model. Separation is generally referred to as “Cmyking”
Printing Leg – a printed sheet of paper fold one or more times to a specific format.
Bleed – a field on a printing sheet that goes beyond the publication format and is cut off. It is used to ensure that the white color does not “shine” at the point of cutting. The format after cutting on the guillotine is called the net format.
Die-cutting – also called punching, the action of cutting a shape using a matrix so called blanking die, in paper or other substrate. In the blanking die are embedded polygraphic knives, which allow you to cut almost any form from the sheet. Papers or cartonboard are cutting when you want to get a complicated shape that can’t be reached with a guillotine. For cutting, we can use various types of knives, such as knives for cutting, creasing or perforating the sheet.
Tinta – a surface printed in a small amount, most often gently covering with some color.
Use – This is part of the work or a copy that is on the worksheet. If we are working with a large format machine, such as A1 or B1, we can place several use on a single printing sheet.
Cut marks – graphical marking, on a printing sheet, the place where the bleed is to be cut off. Cut marks on the sheet show us the target net format of the worksheet
Color stencil – the most commonly used color stencil is Pantone. A color stencil is simply a printed color swatch. They are used by the printing house to map a specific color of the ink, as well as a graphic designer when designing work. The colors on the monitor screen may in many cases differ slightly from those obtained in the printing process.