Dictionary

Apla - In printing, it is a total printing of the paper. Background of the sheet is printed with one color of paint uniformly in an amount of exactly 100%. The opposite is aply pitch.

Creasing - differently pushing down sheet by the knife with "smooth head". This process is use, to subsequently to folded sheet of paper in places where it was pushed. Bigi are instaled in punch - plywood matrix in which are embedded knives. Creasing is necessary for thicker offset paper, from 200g upwards for aesthetic reasons.

Sheet metal - matrix installed in offset machines for making prints.

CMYK - basic list of four colors in polygraph. There is talk of them as process color or trade. CMYK is also space of the color working with computer graphic. Developing the definition of CMYK starting from   the first letter of the name (without the last one K – Key Color or Black) comes from the first letters of the names of colors in English. Cyan - light blue, magenta - red, yellow - yellow. Less well known is the development of the letters K Key color or Carbon.

Custom publishing - one of the forms of marketing. Its relay on deliver of customer marketing materials in the form of printed output. The first priority for the custom publishing is to get new customer, build loyalty and strengthen the brand. The publication is done by external companies on behalf of, conducive to achieving the objectives of marketing and PR.

Densitometer - a device for measuring the optical density in reflected light, or when looking through.

DTP - Simply saying it is a form of preparation for print materials using a computer. Project preparation, prepress, and the application of platesetters, etc.

Printing - the process of multiple reflection of the printing on the substrate, in this case the printing paper. Commonly called print each copy or print.

EPS - one of the file format created by Adobe Systems inc. written in the PostScript language. Its may contain all the data such as Bezier curves, fonts or bitmaps.

Folding - basically breaking or folding a sheet of paper. Sheet is enter in to folding machine into so-called tapes, which perform column or several columns. Performed in order to obtain the target format, brochures or contributions. Place a sheet bend becomes edge.

Laminating (lamination) - a process for coating a sheet of paper creates a film of plastic. Foiling different lamination is to add a sheet to its aesthetic value, as well as protect against mechanical, chemical or UV rays. There are two methods of lamination adhesive of the cold and hot, where the cylinder is heated to a high temperature which dissolves the adhesive contained in the film. Printing sheets can foiling one or two page.

Graphic Vector - otherwise known as graphic objects. Image in vector graphic is composed of simple geometric objects such as stretch, straight, curve, polygon. Each object is assigned to a parameter in the case of segments are their ends. These objects also called primitives has also specific parameters talking about thickness, line color, fill uneven etc. ..

Paper weight - weight of 1 m2 sheet of the product in grams paper, textile and plastic sheets. Indirectly, this parameter translates into sheet thickness.

Imposition - is an electronic representation of object placement, brochures, leaflets, posters and so on. on a sheet of printing. Imposition also includes a print markings that facilitate the printing process as well as post treatment.

ISBN - the international letters symbol, used with ten digits, as code identifying, specifying the publication of a book or booklet. Transmitted and recorded in Poland by the National Library. Abbreviation for International Standard Book Number

ISSN - the international letters symbol, used eight-digit code that identifies a continuous release, such as a magazine serial. Transmitted and recorded in Poland by the National Library. Abbreviation for International Standard Serial Number.

Laminating - Bindery activity involving cover up hard surface such as a solid board, corrugated with thin printed paper. This is done because of the lack of opportunities to passing  thick cardboard through by a machine offset. The most popular of laminating is wall calendars head. –

Model - Graphical system design (typography) publication, made as a template for the formation of (human) individual pages print.

Moiré – This is one of a number of undesirable effect in computer graphic, printing and photography. Moire is a system of stripes formed as a result of interference or overlap of the two grids line rotated by a certain angle or subject of deformation. To minimize moiré grid grid angle rotates relative each other. Inconvenient form of moiré also produce when scanning printed materials prepared pitch classic, where on the tiny more imposed evenly system resulting pixel bitmap image. Another increased moire is the creation of such scans, the printing image.

Form - is a form of preparation of the printing machine to print. As part of these activities shall include mounting plates ctp, applying paint, fit and find the right color of paint flow. Preparing the instrument is also linked to a series of proofs.

Binding – Form of finishes a multi-page publications such as magazines, books, calendars and any other product of the paper-printed or not (a drawing pad, notebook, notebook), in which the connecting tabs with the cover.

Pantone - developed by Pantone color printing system. Colors in this system are marked with a number. The colors in this palette do not always have representation in the CMYK and RGB

Registration marks - also called “punktura”, mostly as a cross in a circle. It is used to fold successively superimposed colors on the sheet (or subsequent printing ink) in the same place. Image of each color has in the same place fence. Registration marks or punkory placed on the margins of the sheet and cut after printing job.

PDF - Created by Adobe Systems inc. file format, which may include publication or entire pages. Further reproduction and viewing them requires only the interpreter built into the RIP or Adobe Acrobat.

Polygraph - One of the areas of technology whose purpose is to produce printed work. In today's advanced formula takes the form of industrial. The printing industry is engaged in the preparation and development of forms (printing patterns) of the original text and drawings and use them to print multiple copies for mass acceptance. Printing from the Greek meaning "to write multiple"

Portfolio - The achievements of the work created by the artist or printing agencies.

Proof - Digital reflected represented color pattern for printed materials. Proof is performed on a specially calibrated device that mimics raster printing.

Raster - a picture made ​​up of one tonal dots.

Amusement - Changing a composite image data such as color model .. RGB color model to another. Amusement sometimes called the process of converting color data to CMYK. Sometimes the color separation is commonly called "Cmykowaniem"

Composition - printed sheet of paper or cardboard broken one or more times to a specific format.

Slope – area printing on a sheet that comes out of the publication format and is cut off. It is used to cut out of work does not glow white. Size after cutting the guillotine called net format.

Punching - also known as cutting, activity rely on cutting some shape with the matrix in the paper or other substrates. The blades are mounted in punch printing forms that allow you cut from the sheet. Expenditures are punching when you want to get a complex shape is not reached by the guillotine. When punching can use different types of knives and blades for cutting, creasing and perforating sheet.

Tint - surface printed in small quantities, usually gently cover some color.

Use - it is part of the work or a copy of which is on the sheet. If there is a machine with a large format as a1 or b1, we can post some land on a single sheet printing.

Tags cut - Graphic designation per sheet printing, the place where you want to cut off bleed. Marks on the sheet show us the target net format sheet.

Colour card - the most widely used color swatches is Pantone. Color chart is simply a printed color swatch. They are essential printers to map specific paint color and graphic designer in the design work. The colors on the color screen in many cases may be slightly different from those obtained in the printing process.

 


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